The recent outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes linked to commercially-produced caramel apples, has been traced to the apple distributor, Bidart Brothers of Bakersfield, California. As of January 9, 2015, the outbreak has caused 32 people to become infected in 11 states and contributed to three deaths. Bidart Brothers and three manufacturers of caramel-covered apples have issued recalls.
Events like this remind us that food — even a product as seemingly innocuous as an apple — can be dangerous. For that reason, it is critically important that growers, manufacturers and other sellers of food products employ rigorous food safety practices to try to prevent hazards and plan ahead to be able to effectively recall products in the event that something goes wrong.
It is also important to understand that, no matter how careful a food manufacturer or supplier may be, it can be held strictly liable for all damages caused by contaminated food. Strict product liability means liability without regard to fault. In other words, an injured party may recover without having to prove negligence or intentional wrongdoing. The only way for a business to protect itself from such liability is to have insurance and contracts that appropriately put the responsibility for losses on the party that caused the harm. Food manufacturers and sellers, therefore, should make sure that their business liability insurance includes adequate product liability coverage and that their agreements with suppliers and customers include enforceable indemnification and insurance provisions.